By Frederick Copleston

Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A background Of Philosophy has journeyed a ways past the modest function of its writer to common acclaim because the top background of philosophy in English.

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XVI. THE EXISTENTIALISM OF SARTRE (1) . existence and writings-Pre-reflective and reflexive recognition: the imagining and the emotive consciousness-Phenomenal being and being in itself-Being for itself-The freedom of being for itself-Consciousness of others-Atheism and values. 340 CONTENTS vi XVII. XVIII. THE EXISTENTIALISM OF SARTRE (2) . Sartre and Marxism--The goals of the Critique-Individual praxis-The anti-diale~tic and the. ~omination of the practicoinert-The team and Its fate--Cnbcal reviews. THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF MERLEAU-PONTY PREFACE 390 A. Camus: the absurd and the philosophy of revolt-MerleauPonty: the body-subject and its world-Merleau-Ponty and l\Iarxism-Uvi-Strauss and guy. a brief BIBLIOGRAPHY. 419 INDEX 469 THE 7th and 8th volumes of this paintings have been initially meant to hide nineteenth-century philosophy in Germany and in nice Britain respectively. The 7th quantity conforms to this plan, inasmuch because it ends with a therapy of Nietzsche who died in 1900 and whose interval of literary task falls fullyyt in the 19th century. The 8th quantity even if contains remedies of G. E. Moore, Bertrand Russell and the yank thinker John Dewey. All 3 have been born within the 19th century; and either Dewey and Russell had released prior to the tum of the century. yet all have been lively good on into the 20 th century. certainly, Russell used to be nonetheless alive while the amount used to be released and was once capable of make an appreciative remark in a letter to the writer. the current 9th quantity includes even additional this tendency to head past the bounds of nineteenthcentury proposal. It used to be initially meant to hide French philosophy among the revolution and the dying of Henri Bergson. actually it contains a particularly large therapy of Jean-Paul Sartre, a briefer define of a few of Merleau-Ponty's rules and a few comments at the structuralism of Levi-Strauss. This extension of the account of French philosophy after the revolution to incorporate a couple of thinkers whose literary task falls in the 20th century and a few of whom at any expense are nonetheless alive has intended that i've been not able to fulfil my unique plan of together with in the current quantity remedies of nineteenth-century idea in Italy, Spain and Russia. Reference has been made to at least one or Belgian thinkers, comparable to Joseph Marechal; yet another way i've got limited the world to France. certainly, it's extra actual to assert that i've got handled of French philosophers than of philosophy in France as a geographical zone. · for instance, Nikolai Berdyaev settled at Paris in 1924 and pursued a lively literary task on French soil. however it turns out to me incorrect to annex him for France. He belongs to the non secular culture in Russian suggestion. There may possibly certainly be extra explanation for annexing Berdyaev for French philosophy than there will be for counting Karl Marx as a British thinker at the flooring that he spent his final years in London and labored within the British Museum. whilst the Russian VII PREFACE PREFACE writers who lived and wrote in exile in France remained Russian thinkers.

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