By Marie Boas Hall

While medical inquiry has its roots in either a ways japanese and Indo-European cultures, the progressive principles that made glossy medical achievements attainable happened before everything in Europe. This stimulating, illuminating, and thoughtfully awarded paintings explores the early levels of this medical revolution, starting with the rediscovery of Greek rules within the mid-15th century and culminating with Galileo's extraordinary Dialogue at the leader platforms of the World in 1630.
Noted historian of technological know-how Marie Boas corridor first offers a normal account of medical suggestion within the mid-1400s, then examines the Copernican revolution and the anatomical paintings of Vesalius and his contemporaries, the impression of chemical drugs and the efforts of the Swiss surgeon and alchemist Paracelsus. additionally listed here are insightful discussions of Harvey's discovery of the circulatory process, the paintings of Kepler, the results of Galileo's telescopic discoveries, and different issues. a sequence of accompanying illustrations — between them a Ptolemaic map, examples of Renaissance engineering, and photographs of Francis Bacon, Tycho Brahe, Vesalius, Kepler, and Galileo — increase this scholarly and informative work.
A important reference e-book for college kids of the heritage of technology, The medical Renaissance 1450–1630 is "good, sound, educational stuff . . . fascinating even to these for whom it isn't required reading." — New Statesman.

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By Lisa Sanders

A riveting exploration of the main tough and critical a part of what medical professionals do, by way of Yale college of medication general practitioner Dr. Lisa Sanders, writer of the per thirty days New York occasions journal column "Diagnosis," the muse for the hit Fox television sequence House, M.D.

"The event of being unwell may be like waking up overseas. lifestyles, as you previously knew it, is on carry whenever you commute via this different global as unknown because it is unforeseen. whilst I see sufferers within the medical institution or in my place of work who're unexpectedly, unusually ailing, what they truly need to know is, ‘What is inaccurate with me?’ they wish a highway map that would aid them deal with their new atmosphere. the facility to offer this unnerving and strange position a reputation, to grasp it–on a few level–restores a degree of keep watch over, autonomous of even if that analysis comes connected to a healing. simply because, even this present day, a analysis is often all a superb general practitioner has to offer."

A fit younger guy without notice loses his memory–making him not able to recollect the occasions of every passing hour. sufferers clinically determined with Lyme disorder increase after antibiotic treatment–only to have their indicators mysteriously go back. a tender lady lies loss of life within the ICU–bleeding, jaundiced, incoherent–and none of her medical professionals recognize what's killing her. In Every sufferer Tells a Story, Dr. Lisa Sanders takes us bedside to witness the method of fixing those and different diagnostic dilemmas, supplying a firsthand account of the services and instinct that lead a physician to make the ideal diagnosis.

Never in human historical past have medical professionals had the information, the instruments, and the abilities that they've this present day to diagnose ailment and illness. And but errors are made, diagnoses overlooked, indicators or assessments misunderstood. during this high-tech global of contemporary drugs, Sanders exhibits us that wisdom, whereas crucial, isn't enough to solve the complexities of disease. She provides an unflinching glance contained in the detective tale that marks approximately each illness–the diagnosis–revealing the combo of uncertainty and intrigue that medical professionals face whilst confronting sufferers who're ailing or demise. via dramatic tales of sufferers with baffling signs, Sanders portrays absolutely the necessity and incredible problems of having the patient’s tale, the demanding situations of the actual examination, the pitfalls of doctor-to-doctor verbal exchange, the vagaries of exams, and the close to calamity of diagnostic mistakes. In Every sufferer Tells a Story, Dr. Sanders chronicles the real-life drama of medical professionals fixing those tough scientific mysteries that not just illustrate the paintings and technology of prognosis, yet usually store the sufferers’ lives.

From the Hardcover edition.

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The 3rd version of this hugely well known pocket consultant offers the cutting-edge ways to ache administration which are at the moment taught and practiced on the Massachusetts normal clinic. This variation has new chapters on power again discomfort, soreness keep an eye on in kids with persistent and terminal illness, and diagnostic and healing systems, plus new illustrations of systems and methods. All chapters comprise the most recent evidence-based details and insurance of fibromyalgia, psychosomatic court cases, complications, and opioid cautions has been expanded.

Tables and chapter-opening outlines permit readers to discover info quick. A drug appendix and 7 different sensible appendices are included.

Subscribe to Lippincott's Interactive Anesthesia Library and get on-line entry to the absolutely searchable content material of 8 significantly acclaimed references in anesthesiology, severe care, and soreness management.

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The problem of scaling the top mountain, exploring the inner most ocean, crossing the most well liked desolate tract, or swimming in near-freezing water is impossible to resist to many folks. Life on the Extremes is an engrossing exploration of what occurs to bodies in those possible uninhabitable environments. Frances Ashcroft weaves tales of striking feats of patience with historic fabric and the newest clinical findings as she investigates the boundaries of human survival and the outstanding variations that allow us to resist severe conditions.

What motives mountain ailment? How is it attainable to arrive the pinnacle of Everest with no supplementary oxygen, whilst passengers in an aircraft that depressurized on the comparable altitude might lose cognizance in seconds? Why do divers get the bends yet sperm whales don't? How lengthy you could continue to exist immersion in freezing water? Why do not penguins get frostbite? Will males consistently be swifter runners than ladies? How a long way into deep area can a physique travel?

As she considers those questions, Ashcroft introduces a forged of striking medical personalities—inventors and explorers who've charted the bounds of human survival. She describes many fascinating experiments and indicates how clinical wisdom has enabled us to enterprise towards and past ever better limits. Life on the Extremes additionally considers what occurs while athletes push their our bodies to the sting, and tells of the extraordinary variations that permit a few organisms to dwell in boiling water, in hugely acidic lakes, or deep in the midst of rocks.

Anyone who flies in an plane, sails the excessive seas, is going snowboarding or strolling within the mountains, or just weathers subzero winters or sweltering summers should be captivated by way of this e-book. packed with medical info, fantastically written, and jam-packed with many desirable digressions, Life on the Extremes lures us to the very fringe of human survival.

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By Edward O. Wilson

National e-book Award Finalist. How did humanity originate and why does a species like ours exist in the world? can we have a unique position, even a future within the universe? the place are we going, and maybe, the main tricky query of all, "Why?"

In The which means of Human Existence, his so much philosophical paintings up to now, Pulitzer Prize–winning biologist Edward O. Wilson grapples with those and different existential questions, interpreting what makes people supremely varied from all different species. looking for which means in what Nietzsche as soon as known as "the rainbow shades" round the outer edges of data and mind's eye, Wilson takes his readers on a trip, within the strategy bridging technology and philosophy to create a twenty-first-century treatise on human existence―from our earliest inception to a provocative examine what the way forward for mankind portends.

Continuing his groundbreaking exam of our "Anthropocene Epoch," which he all started with The Social Conquest of Earth, defined via the New York Times as "a sweeping account of the human upward thrust to domination of the biosphere," the following Wilson posits that we, as a species, now be aware of adequate in regards to the universe and ourselves that we will be able to start to process questions on our position within the cosmos and the which means of clever lifestyles in a scientific, certainly, in a testable way.

Once criticized for a merely mechanistic view of human existence and an overreliance on genetic predetermination, Wilson provides in The that means of Human Existence his such a lot expansive and complicated theories at the sovereignty of human lifestyles, spotting that, even supposing the human and the spider advanced equally, the poet's sonnet is thoroughly diverse from the spider's net. no matter if trying to explicate "The Riddle of the Human Species," "Free Will," or "Religion"; caution of "The cave in of Biodiversity"; or perhaps making a believable "Portrait of E.T.," Wilson does certainly think that humanity holds a unique place within the recognized universe.

The human epoch that begun in organic evolution and handed into pre-, then recorded, historical past is now greater than ever sooner than in our palms. but alarmed that we're approximately to desert typical choice via remodeling biology and human nature as we want them, Wilson soberly concludes that advances in technological know-how and know-how carry us our best ethical limitation seeing that God stayed the hand of Abraham.

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This paintings can be of curiosity to quite a lot of teachers. It presents a accomplished round-up of the lawsuits and papers brought on the 2006 convention on excessive power Density Laboratory Astrophysics, held at Rice college in Houston, Texas, united states. The contributions come from scientists drawn to this rising box. They speak about the growth in themes masking every little thing from stellar evolution and envelopes, to opacities, radiation shipping and x-ray photoionized plasmas.

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By Jay Cornell

Transhumanism is a world circulation that advocates using technology and know-how to beat the "natural" barriers skilled via humanity via such advancements as:

  • the Singularity--the production of laptop intelligences that exceed the capacities of our organic brains
  • the skill to duplicate person minds and positioned them into solid-state our bodies or digital environments
  • individual keep watch over over psychological and emotional states for reinforcing functionalities and/or ecstasies

Some of this can be occurring now. a few of it truly is nonetheless within the minds of dreamers.

In approximately 90 A-Z entries, Transcendence presents a multilayered examine the accelerating advances in synthetic intelligence, cognitive technological know-how, genomics, details know-how, nanotechnology, neuroscience, house exploration, artificial biology, robotics, and digital worlds which are making transhumanism a fact. Entries diversity from Cloning and Cyborg Feminism to fashion designer infants and Memory-Editing medicinal drugs. furthermore, the booklet notes historic predecessors and personalities, either in mythology and history--ranging from Timothy Leary to Michael Jackson to Ray Kurzweil. It additionally introduces the tradition round Transhumanism, overlaying the entire geeky obsessions of the Transhumanist circulate.

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By Antonio R. Damasio

From probably the most major neuroscientists at paintings this present day, a pathbreaking research of a question that has confounded philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists for hundreds of years: how is recognition created?
 
Antonio Damasio has spent the previous thirty years learning and writing approximately how the mind operates, and his paintings has garnered popularity of its singular melding of the medical and the humanistic. In Self involves Mind, he is going opposed to the long-standing concept that attention is by some means break away the physique, proposing compelling new medical facts that consciousness—what we expect of as a brain with a self—is firstly a organic method created through a residing organism. in addition to the 3 conventional views used to review the brain (the introspective, the behavioral, and the neurological), Damasio introduces an evolutionary standpoint that includes a thorough swap within the manner the heritage of awake minds is considered and informed. He additionally advances an intensive speculation concerning the origins and different types of emotions, that is important to his framework for the organic development of recognition: emotions are grounded in a close to fusion of physique and mind networks, and primary emerge from the traditionally outdated and humble mind stem instead of from the fashionable cerebral cortex.
 
Damasio means that the brain’s improvement of a human self turns into a problem to nature’s indifference and opens the way in which for the looks of tradition, a thorough holiday during evolution and the resource of a brand new point of lifestyles regulation—sociocultural homeostasis. He leaves doubtless that the blueprint for the work-in-progress he calls sociocultural homeostasis is the genetically well-established easy homeostasis, the curator of worth that has been found in uncomplicated life-forms for billions of years. Self involves Mind is a groundbreaking trip into the neurobiological foundations of brain and self.

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Hot temperature superconductivity (HTSC) hast he power todramatically influence many advertisement markets, together with the electrical strength undefined. considering the fact that 1987, the electrical energy learn Institute (EPRI) has supported aprogram to boost HTSC purposes citadel he energy undefined. the aim ofEPRI is to control technical examine and improvement courses to enhance energy creation, distribution, and use. The institute is supported by way of the voluntary contributions ofs ome7 00 electrical utilities and has over six hundred application technical specialists as advisors. One objectiveo f EPRI's HTSC application is to ed ucate software engineers andexecutives at the technical matters regarding HTSC fabrics and the helping applied sciences wanted for his or her software. to complete this, Argonne nationwide Laboratory used to be commissioned to preparea sequence of per thirty days re ports that might clarify th e significanceo f contemporary advances in HTSC. Acomponent o f each one record used to be an instructional on a few element of the HTSC box. issues ranged from some of the ways in which skinny motion pictures are deposited tot he mechanisms used to operatem ajor cryogenic structures. The tutorials grew to become very popularw ithin the software undefined. unusually, the experiences additionally grew to become well liked by scientists at universities, company labo ratories, and thenational laboratories. A lthough those researchers are really skilled in a single point of the expertise, they're nots ostron g inothers. Itw ast he variety and thoroughness ofthe tutorials that made them so precious.

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