By Yvonne M. Ward

In 1901, literary gents have been appointed a singular activity: to maintain the reminiscence of Queen Victoria in her personal phrases. by the point they have been complete, 460 volumes of the Queen’s correspondence had develop into simply 3; their judgements — and distortions — may impact perceptions of Victoria for generations to return. The editors selected for the duty have been deeply eccentric and complex males. Baron Esher used to be the consummate royal confidant who concealed his obsession with Eton boys and incestuous courting along with his youngest son in the back of a character of allure and reticence. Arthur Benson, an ex-Etonian grasp and closeted gay, struggled to slot in with the blue-blooded golf equipment and codes of the courtroom whereas battling bouts of critical melancholy. including King Edward VII they might make a decision how Victoria was once to be remembered — averting scandal, conserving the hot king, selling their very own preconceptions approximately Victoria and her courtroom, obscuring her position as a mom, and propping up the politics of the day. in accordance with unparalleled entry to the unique files, this can be a interesting piece of historic detective work.

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199–210. within the Birthday Honours of 1910 he was once offered a KCB and the name Lord Stamfordham through King George V. In 1906 he signed his letters ‘Bigge’ and was once known as such by means of Knollys and Esher. ‘The moment used to be John Morley …’ Magnus Magnusson, ed. , Chambers Biographical Dictionary, Chambers, Edinburgh, 1990, p. 1042. See additionally D. A. Hamer, John Morley: Liberal highbrow in Politics, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1968. Esher had requested Morley, as a pal, to tackle his eldest son, Oliver, as an assistant secretary in December 1905, and Morley had obliged. Lees-Milne, pp. 153–4. ‘In 1848 Louis Philippe used to be pressured to abdicate …’ For information of the reports of his better halves, daughters and grandchildren and Victoria’s counsel to them see Yvonne M. Ward, ‘1848: Queen Victoria and the cupboard d’horreurs’, in Kay Boardman and Christine Kinealy, eds, 1848: The yr the realm became? , Newcastle, Cambridge students Press, 2007, pp. 173–188. ‘Victoria’s scorn for the 1848 revolutionaries …’ For political context see Simon Heffer, energy and position: The Political effects of King Edward VII, London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998, p. 132ff. ‘Victoria in impression was once an insignificant accent …’ Lytton Strachey, Queen Victoria, London, Chatto & Windus (1921) 1937, p. a hundred twenty five. INDEX Aberdeen, Lord, eighty three, 136, 139 Adelaide, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, three, ninety five, 123, 126, 164 agricultural labourers, 142 Ainger, A. C. , thirteen, 63–64 Albert of Saxe-Coburg, Prince Regent, 32 authorship of files, a hundred and twenty, 139 bed room at Windsor citadel, 60 invoice for Regency, 118–119 biography of, eleven, 152 start, 111–112 cataloguing method, eleven girls of Bedchamber quandary, 121 Leopold I, effect of, 112 mentors, 112 naturalisation as British topic, 118–119 papers of, 66–67 Peel and, 122 political objectives of, eighty three, 117–120, 122–123, 138–139 portrait by means of Landseer, seventy three function as consort, 115–116 identify of Prince Consort, 113 Victoria, courtship, forty five, 150–151 Victoria, marriage to, four, 112–113 Victoria, provides from, seventy four Wellington university, 37 Alexandra, Queen, 12, 162 Alexandrine, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg, one hundred twenty five, 126 Alice, Princess, 129, 166 Anson, George, 116, 117, 119, 121, 138–139 military evaluate Committee, 146 Arnold, Dr, 37 Arnstein, Walter, seventy seven Aronson, Theo, 25 Augustus, 107 Austerlitz, conflict of, 141 Australia, sixty five Austria, 141 Austro–Italian warfare, 137 Beatrice, Princess, 10–11, 12, 15 Belgium, 109, one hundred sixty five, 166–167 Benson, Arthur Christopher start, 38 booklet of the Queen’s Dolls, The, 55–56 means to maintain issues hidden, 41–42 champions homosexuality, 47–51 Cory’s letters, forty nine Cory’s poems, 50–51 diaries, 33, forty-one Eton, paintings at, 15, sixteen, 17, 38, forty eight father, biography of, forty two, 43–45 father, family members with, 37–39 homosexuality, fifty one hypochondria, sixty two literary output, 38, forty-one, forty seven temper swings, 63–64 mom, reads diaries of, forty six mom, family members with, 39–40 fearful breakdown, 172 Queen Victoria, kin with, 52–53 Benson, Arthur Christopher: editor accepts editorship of Victoria’s letters, 16–17, fifty six agricultural metaphors, seventy seven goals, eighty one, 83–84, 91–92 Albert, protocol for authorship of files, a hundred and twenty Buckingham Palace, visits to view pix, 72–73 agreement with Murray, 19 day-by-day regimen, sixty four dream, 54–55 Edward VII, perspective in the direction of, 53–54, fifty five Edward VII, awaits acclaim for quantity I from, 146 Edward VII, writes to, inquiring for fourth quantity, eighty two Esher, contract with, over earnings, 20 Esher, approached by means of, to post Victoria’s letters, 13–16 Esher, family members with, fifty nine, 60–61 Esher’s angle in the direction of, 17, 24, fifty nine, 60–61, seventy three excisions, protests to Esher over, 75–77, 158–161, 163 excisions: Murray and, 154 exclusions: anxiousness over, 78–79 exclusions: correspondence with Leopold I, one hundred and five, 109–110 exclusions: Ferdinand’s letters, 107–108 exclusions: overseas impression on Victoria, 104, a hundred and ten exclusions: woman plant life Hastings affair, 99–100, one hundred and one exclusions: references to being pregnant often, 128 exclusions: Regency Act, 118 exclusions: Victoria’s pregnancies, 123 exclusions: women’s letters, 125–126 volume of Victoria’s correspondence, sixty three, sixty six inclusions: Albert’s effect, 112– 113, 117, 123, 139 inclusions: colourless textual content to interchange excisions, 155–156 inclusions: correspondence with Leopold I, 108–109, 116 inclusions: impression of fellows, 133 inclusions: Palmerston’s effect, 138 women of Bedchamber problem, 121–122 leaks information of ebook, 18 barriers as, 1–2, fifty two, fifty five, one hundred fifteen Melbourne, admiration for, a hundred– one hundred and one variety of volumes, 79–82, eighty four, 86 Palmerston, dismissal trouble, 142–143 inner most letters, 57–59 booklet of Letters of Queen Victoria, 171 recruits assistant, 64–65 recruits employees, sixty one around Tower at Windsor citadel, visits, 60, sixty two paintings starts off, sixty two operating stipulations, sixty five operating equipment, 67–68 Benson, Edward White, 37, 38–39, 42–45, fifty two Benson, Fred, 40–41, forty two, forty six, forty seven Benson, Hugh, forty-one Benson, Maggie, forty-one Benson, Martin, 39 Benson, Mary see Sidgwick, Mary Bigge, Arthur, sixty eight, 148–153 biographies of 19th century, 77–78, 87 Bismarck, 127 Bolitho, Hector, 111, 112, 118 Broadmoor, 39 Brett, Dorothy, 26, 31 Brett, Sylvia, 26, 31 Brodrick, St John, 135–136 Brooke, Charles Vyner, 31 Brown, John, 10 Buckingham Palace, eight, 72–73 Burne-Jones, Edward, 38 Burne-Jones, Sir Philip, 37–38 Cambridge, 22 Cambridge, Augusta, 108 Card, Tim, fifty one Carrington, Lord, 142 Cassel’s, 32 Charles, third Prince of Leiningen, 169 Charlot, Monica, 118, 119, 122 Charlotte, Princess of Wales, 111–112, 153, 167–168 Childers, H.

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