By Diogenes Laertius

This wealthy compendium at the lives and doctrines of philosophers levels over 3 centuries, from Thales to Epicurus (to whom the complete 10th booklet is devoted); forty five very important figures are portrayed. Diogenes Laertius rigorously compiled his details from countless numbers of assets and enriches his money owed with various quotations.

Diogenes Laertius lived most likely within the previous half the third century CE, his ancestry and birthplace being unknown. His historical past, in ten books, is split unscientifically into 'Successions' or sections: 'Ionian' from Anaximander to Theophrastus and Chrysippus, together with the Socratic colleges; 'Italian' from Pythagoras to Epicurus, together with the Eleatics and sceptics. it's a very precious selection of quotations and facts.

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Extra info for Diogenes Laertius: Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Volume II, Books 6-10 (Loeb Classical Library No. 185)

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Chantraine, RPh forty (1966) 147 et D. Searby, Elenchos 24 (2003) 186 sixteen διὰ BPF: ἐπὶ Roeper (1870) 571: ἀπὸ Marcov. τοῦ om. F κηρυκείου Roeper (1870) 571 20 ταῦτα BP: τάδε F 21 Σικινήτης rec. , rectius 22 ἀμειψάμενος BP, γρ Fmg: ἀμείψασθαι F ninety four S O LO N αἶψα γὰρ ἂν φάτις ἥδε μετ’ ἀνθρώποισι γένοιτο· Ἀττικὸς οὗτος ἀνὴρ τῶν Σαλαμιναφετῶν. εἶτα· 25 ἴομεν εἰς Σαλαμῖνα μαχησόμενοι περὶ νήσου ἱμερτῆς χαλεπόν τ’ αἶσχος ἀπωσόμενοι. ἔπεισε δὲ αὐτοὺς καὶ τὴν ἐν Θρᾴκῃ χερρόνησον προσκτήσασθαι. [48] ἵνα δὲ μὴ δοκοίη βίᾳ μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ δίκῃ τὴν Σαλαμῖνα κεκτῆσθαι, ἀνασκάψας τινὰς τάφους ἔδειξε τοὺς νεκροὺς πρὸς ἀνατολὰς ἐστραμμένους, ὡς ἦν ἔθος θάπτειν Ἀθηναίοις· ἀλλὰ καὶ αὐτοὺς τοὺς τάφους πρὸς ἕω βλέποντας καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν δήμων τοὺς χρηματισμοὺς ἐγκεχαραγμένους, ὅπερ ἦν ἴδιον Ἀθηναίων. ἔνιοι δέ φασι καὶ ἐγγράψαι αὐτὸν εἰς τὸν κατάλογον τὸν Ὁμήρου μετὰ τὸν 30 35 Αἴας δ’ ἐκ Σαλαμῖνος ἄγεν δυοκαίδεκα νῆας, στῆσε δ’ ἄγων ἵν’ Ἀθηναίων ἵσταντο φάλαγγες. [49] τοῦ δὴ λοιποῦ προσεῖχον αὐτῷ ὁ δῆμος καὶ ἡδέως καὶ τυραννεῖσθαι ἤθελον πρὸς αὐτοῦ· ὁ δὲ οὐχ εἵλετο, ἀλλὰ καὶ Πεισίστρατον τὸν συγγενῆ, καθά φησι Σωσικράτης, 34 (ἔνιοι)–38 Megarica adesp. 12c 39–48 (σιωπώντων) Sosicr. fr. 2 26–27 Sol. fr. three W. 2 = 2. 7–8 G. -Pr. 2 Piccirilli 37–38 Hom. Β 557–8 Giannat. forty-one (Πεισίστρατον)–61 (Αἴγυπτον) Φ eleven (198. 1–18) 23 γένοιτο BFPx: γένετο P1(Q) 24 Σαλαμιναφετῶν Vossius, Iustin. (1669) fifty two (ad 2. 7) et G. Hermann advert F. Viger, De idiotismis (31824) 927–8: σαλαμίναφετων B: σαλαμῖνα φέτων Px(Q): σαλαμῖν’ ἀφέντων FP4: Σαλαμιναφετέων J. G. Renner in G. Curtius, Studien z. griech. u. latein. Grammatik I. 1 (1868) 204 26 εἰς PFB2: ἐς B1 27 ἀπωσάμενοι B (ω ex ο), schol. Dem. 19, 478a (II eighty one. 12 Dilts) 28 θράκει χερόννησον F 29 (ἵνα)–30 (κεκτῆσθαι) om. F1, suppl. F2mg 29 δοκοίη PF: δοκ*ῆ ἡ B2 (*ῆ in ras. ): δοκοῖεν Richards 342 34 δὲ καὶ φασὶ B 35 τὸν1 BP: τοῦ F 36 τὸν BP: τὸ F submit 36 ‘tale quid desideratur <τόνδε τὸν στίχον>’ V. d. Muehll 39 προσεῖχον PF: -εν B forty καὶ BPF: κἄν Richards 341 ἤθελον B1PF: -εν B2 πρὸς BP: ὑπ’ F forty-one φασὶ B ninety five forty LIBER I forty five 50 προαισθόμενος τὸ ἐφ’ ἑαυτῷ διεκώλυσεν. ᾄξας γὰρ εἴς τινα ἐκκλησίαν μετὰ δόρατος καὶ ἀσπίδος προεῖπεν αὐτοῖς τὴν ἐπίθεσιν τοῦ Πεισιστράτου· καὶ οὐ μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ βοηθεῖν ἕτοιμος εἶναι, λέγων ταῦτα· ‘ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, τῶν μὲν σοφώτερος, τῶν δὲ ἀνδρειότερός εἰμι· σοφώτερος μὲν τῶν τὴν ἀπάτην Πεισιστράτου μὴ συνιέντων, ἀνδρειότερος δὲ τῶν ἐπισταμένων μέν, διὰ δέος δὲ σιωπώντων. ’ καὶ ἡ βουλή, Πεισιστρατίδαι ὄντες, μαίνεσθαι ἔλεγον αὐτόν· ὅθεν εἶπε ταυτί· δείξει δὴ μανίην μὲν ἐμὴν βαιὸς χρόνος ἀστοῖς, δείξει, ἀληθείης εἰς μέσον ἐρχομένης. [50] τὰ δὲ περὶ τῆς τοῦ Πεισιστράτου τυραννίδος ἐλεγεῖα προλέγοντος αὐτοῦ ταῦτα ἦν· fifty five 60 ἐκ νεφέλης φέρεται χιόνος μένος ἠδὲ χαλάζης βροντὴ δ’ ἐκ λαμπρῆς γίγνεται ἀστεροπῆς· ἀνδρῶν δ’ ἐκ μεγάλων πόλις ὄλλυται, εἰς δὲ μονάρχου δῆμος ἀι¨δρίῃ δουλοσύνην ἔπεσεν. ἤδη δὲ αὐτοῦ κρατοῦντος οὐ πείθων ἔθηκε τὰ ὅπλα πρὸ τοῦ στρατηγίου καὶ εἰπών, ‘ὦ πατρίς, βεβοήθηκά σοι καὶ λόγῳ καὶ ἔργῳ,’ ἀπέπλευσεν εἰς Αἴγυπτον καὶ εἰς Κύπρον, 51–52 Sol. fr. 10 W.

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