By Everett Ferguson
First released in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of Early Christianity: Second Edition (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities)
The latter used to be censured for the 1st time as past due as 377, in Rome, by means of the synod of the bishop Damasus I. A yr prior, Apollinaris had ordained his disciple Vitalis as a bishop in Antioch (in competition to the reasonable pro-Nicene management of bishop Melitius). Damasus, suggested by means of Basil of Caesarea, had vainly tried to arrive an contract that will have united Christian factions within the Syrian city. The Roman censure used to be repeated via a synod in Antioch (379) and proven within the first canon of the imperial Synod of Constantinople (381). Apollinaris himself was once no longer pointed out, yet his disciples held their very own synods and proven a separate hierarchy in numerous church buildings. Gregory of Nyssa in Cappadocia first well-known the importance of the Apollinarian doctrine in basic terms in 382 on a visit to Jerusalem. He then wrote a refutation, the Antirrheticus, with no ever having met Apollinaris. In 387, Gregory of Nazianzus requested the emperor Theodosius to guard him opposed to the strain of the Apollinarians as Theophilus of Alexandria had performed in 385 or 386. The imperial management issued anti-Apollinarian decrees from 388 on. Apollinaris died in 392; his fans in Antioch have been reconciled with the Catholic church in 425. In different jap church buildings, Apollinarianism stored a foot within the door for a number of a long time longer. Many writings of the sect survived, via pseudonymity. all of them specialise in the theological formula of the Christological dogma. different apologetic works, like Apollinaris’s long treatise opposed to Porphyry in thirty books and his pamphlet opposed to Julian and Greek philosophers, appear to be misplaced. A a number of number of quotations from Apollinarian exegesis are preserved, because of catenae. They nonetheless witness the scholarly presents of Apollinaris as a commentator on scripture, specifically on Ecclesiastes, Isaiah, Hosea, Malachi, Psalms, Matthew, 1 Corinthians, Galatians, and Ephesians, based on references utilized by Jerome, who were a pupil of Apollinaris. different extracts are identified and are partially on hand in severe variants, from commentaries on Proverbs, tune of Solomon, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Luke, Romans, and James. Apollinarianism is healthier summarized by means of the word “One nature of the emblems made flesh. ” Cyril of Alexandria took it as written by means of Athanasius, a blunder made attainable by means of the truth that Athanasius additionally stated the “hypostasis,” or the “person,” of the divine emblems when it comes to nature. In Apollinarise view, the basic harmony of the emblems with the daddy served as a trend for the trademarks made flesh: his flesh may have no massive fact outdoors his personal divine nature, simply as this nature couldn't make any experience open air of the daddy. Apollinaris concluded that there might be no human topic in Christ. After the imperial synods of Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451), his rules survived in simple terms within the Monophysite church buildings. CPG II, 3645–3700. TLG 2074. Charles Kannengiesser Bibliography Pseudo-Athanasius, De incarnatione contra Apollinarem; Basil, Letter 263.