By Antonis K. Petrides

This booklet argues that New Comedy has a miles richer functionality texture than has formerly been known. delivering shut readings of all of the significant performs of Menander, it indicates how intertextuality - the sustained discussion of recent Comedy functionality with the varied ideological, philosophical, literary and theatrical discourses of up to date polis tradition - is essential in developing semantic intensity and hence offsetting the impact that the plots are simplistic love tales with out political or ideological resonances. It additionally explores how the visible element of the performs ('opsis') is simply as vital as any verbal technique of signification - a phenomenon termed 'intervisuality', studying specifically intensity the ways that the masks can infuse numerous structures of reference into the play. mask just like the panchrēstos neaniskos (the 'all-perfect youth'), for instance, are actually packed with that means; therefore, with their ideologically marked physiognomies, they are often powerful instigators of literary and cultural allusion.

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He helped me maintain searching canines, horses. i used to be awesome as a phylarchos. i used to be in a position to supply my associates the assistance they wanted. as a result of him, i used to be a formal person. yet I repaid him in a fine method: i used to be right in my manners. If Arnott’s complement is correct,122 the echo among the 2 passages constitutes a fragile irony on Demeas’ perceptive schools and his blind religion in them. Oddly, Arnott himself vitamins line thirteen the way in which he does with out connecting the 2 passages jointly, yet such repetition might paintings rather well theatrically conversing. 123 The concept of a pachys previous guy, wealthy and silly, consorts good with the motifs of sunshine and darkness, of fog and readability, which be successful in Sam. 97ff. Demeas, particularly, is confident that he by myself lives within the tanaos aithēr and within the gentle, while all people else is at the hours of darkness. And but, till Act v the Pontic fog is shrouding no longer anyone else’s eyes, yet his personal. Demeas falls from mistakes to blunders and from false impression to false impression. every one new revelation motives the idealistic picture he developed approximately himself and his son to come back crashing down. Pontos as an bad position will go back later within the play, in Sam. 416–17, the place Demeas’ behaviour might be obvious as a sort of psychological illness (Δημέας χολᾷ), accurately because of Pontic fog. Funnily, Nikeratos is being literal the following, possibly evoking clinical theories concerning the relation among the surroundings and (mental) overall healthiness, akin to these encapsulated by means of the Hippocratic treatise On Airs, Waters, areas. The viewers, even though, can capture the metaphor. 124 In Sam. 329ff. , the self-possessed previous guy engages in his favorite pastime: inductive reasoning generating conclusions of 122 123 124 seventy four Arnott (1998: 38). it's reductive, i believe, to argue with Arnott (1998: forty four) that pacheis gerontes can merely have a literal feel in Sam. ninety eight. See additionally Dedoussi (2006: advert locum). Nikeratos, too, believes he's as vivid as Demeas, yet actually he's being an fool (Sam. 427). it really is suggestive that the aēdia pragmatōn describing Pontos, its fog and its pacheis gerontes, is quickly transferred to Athens and the both pachys Demeas (ἀηδία τις συμβέβηκεν ἔκτοπος, Sam. 434), while Nikeratos realises that his neighbour’s activities are fogged and blind. The mirrors of reports unqualified conviction. realize how his speech is dependent alongside the axis of 2 major conditional sentences: Sam. 331ff. and Sam. 344ff. discover additionally the powerful word οὐδενὶ τρόπῳ γὰρ πιθανὸν εἶναί μοι δοκεῖ (‘no manner does this appear attainable to me’). In Sam. 550, in a standard example of comedian projection, Demeas will burden Nikeratos together with his personal such a lot attribute vice: being authekastos (which the following, regardless of the doubts of Gomme and Sandbach,125 needs to suggest ‘headstrong’, ‘self-willed’, person who thinks that he's the one average guy round and is short of no one). 126 Moschion can't have acted both out of hatred in the direction of his father or out of affection for Chrysis, simply because he used to be chuffed to simply accept the wedding Demeas prepared with Nikeratos’ daughter.

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