By Andrew Preston
Winner of the Charles Taylor Prize for Literary Non-Fiction
Finalist for the Cundhill Prize in History
A richly unique, profoundly engrossing tale of the way faith has inspired American international family, instructed in the course of the tales of the lads and women—from presidents to preachers—who have plotted the country’s direction within the world.
Ever considering the fact that John Winthrop argued that the Puritans’ new domestic will be “a urban upon a hill,” american citizens’ position on the earth has been formed through their trust that God has whatever distinct in brain for them. yet it is a tale that historians have in general neglected. Now, within the first authoritative paintings at the topic, Andrew Preston explores the most important lines of spiritual fervor—liberal and conservative, pacifist and militant, internationalist and isolationist—that framed American pondering on overseas matters from the earliest colonial wars to the twenty-first century. He arrives at a few startling conclusions, between them: Abraham Lincoln’s use of faith within the Civil conflict grew to become the version for next wars of humanitarian intervention; nineteenth-century Protestant missionaries made up the 1st NGO to enhance a world human rights schedule; non secular liberty used to be the center-piece of Franklin Roosevelt’s technique to carry the USA into international struggle II.
From George Washington to George W. Bush, from the Puritans to the current, from the colonial wars to the chilly struggle, faith has been one in every of America’s strongest assets of rules concerning the wider international. while, simply days after 11th of September, George W. Bush defined the United States as “a prayerful kingdom, a kingdom that prays to an almighty God for cover and for peace,” or whilst Barack Obama stated balancing the “just battle and the imperatives of a simply peace” in his Nobel Peace Prize popularity speech, they have been echoing 400 years of spiritual rhetoric. Preston strains this echo again to its source.
Sword of the Spirit, safeguard of Faith is an unparalleled success: nobody has but tried the sort of daring synthesis of yankee heritage. it's also a awesome paintings of stability and fair-mindedness approximately essentially the most fraught matters in the US.
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Extra resources for Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy
This used to be a massive imaginative and prescient, critical to the belief of enlargement, for the promised land intended that the settlers of Virginia needs to be a selected humans. it can be no wrong way: merely God’s selected few may perhaps inhabit the land promised to his humans. within the Bible (Luke 12:32), Jesus speaks of his fans as a “little flock,” a devoted, unique minority whose challenge was once to unfold the gospel to the remainder of international; they'd lead, and others may keep on with. regardless of the rigors of the 1st payment efforts, Virginians perceived their colony as blessed, a shelter and repository for Christian civilization. “So then here's a place,” John Smith wrote in 1612, “a nurse for souldiers, a preparation for marriners, a alternate for marchants, a gift for the great, and that that is so much of all, a businesse (most applicable to God) to deliver such poore infidels to the genuine wisdom of God and his holy Gospell. ”14 however the promised land needed to be loose from contagion, and so containment used to be as very important as conversion. hence as well as saving the souls of misplaced Indians, the necessity for geopolitical virtue over Spain drove English growth ahead. simply because it had formed the preliminary push for colonization between Hakluyt and his contemporaries, anti-Catholicism extra necessity, let alone loads of urgency, to the settling of Virginia. In making this element, lots of Virginia’s advocates invoked the Black Legend; others performed upon England’s personal schismatic sectarian turmoil. William Symonds, for instance, mixed patriotism with Protestantism while he admonished Virginia’s leaders “to hold thither no Traitors, nor Papists that rely on the nice Whore. ”15 towards the top of his lifestyles, Hakluyt mirrored on Virginia with obtrusive satisfaction. The settlers had based a unfastened, patriotic, and devoted Protestant society the place the “Preachers will be reverenced and loved, the valiant and ahead soldiour revered, the diligent rewarded, the coward emboldened, the weake and ailing relieved, the mutinous suppressed, the acceptance of the Christians one of the Savages preserved, our such a lot holy religion exalted, all Paganisme and Idolatrie via little and little completely extinguished”—in brief, a promised land. The institution of Virginia have been an drastically tricky company, and its survival wouldn't be guaranteed for a number of many years. Hakluyt may were forgiven had he despaired, yet his religion in an English, Protestant Virginia by no means wavered. This was once the character of his ideological dedication and non secular zeal, characteristics that helped solid in iron an rising colonial self-perception that the United States was once a special and designated position. sixteen IF VIRGINIANS inspiration THEMSELVES unheard of, the depth in their self-confidence used to be not anything in comparison to the unshakeable selfrighteousness in their English acquaintances additional north. every little thing that had helped to shape the worldview of Virginia was once magnified a number of occasions within the godly colonies of latest England. A key distinction used to be their model of Protestantism: rather than the institution Anglicanism of Virginia, the folk who based and settled New England have been reformed Calvinists—mostly Puritan Congregationalists—who believed that the Church of britain had develop into nearly as corrupt because the Roman Catholic Church.