This booklet is a landmark in American political proposal. It examines the fervour for growth and reform that coloured the total interval from 1890 to 1940 -- with startling and stimulating effects. it searches out the ethical and emotional explanations of the reformers the myths and goals during which they believed, and the realities with which that they had to compromise.
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
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The Origins of revolutionary Leadership,” in Elting Morison, ed. : The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt, Vol. VIII (Cambridge, 1954), pp. 1462-5. Chandler came upon the 260 leaders allotted as follows: company, ninety five; legal professionals, seventy five; editors, 36; different expert (college professors, authors, social staff, and a scattering of others), fifty five. Chandler additionally chanced on major nearby diversifications. within the towns of the Northeast and the outdated Northwest, the position of the intellectuals and pros used to be huge, whereas the businessmen have been mainly those that controlled outdated, tested businesses. within the South, although, a emerging social elite of competitive new businessmen took half. within the West and the agricultural parts, editors and attorneys ruled occasion management, whereas the businessmen tended to be from companies of modest measurement, like livestock, genuine property, lumber, publishing, small production. eight George Mowry: The California Progressives (Berkeley, 1951), pp. 88-9; see as a rule bankruptcy iv, which incorporates an illuminating short account of forty seven innovative leaders. 3 fourths of those have been college-educated. there have been 17 attorneys, 14 newshounds, eleven self reliant businessmen and real-estate operators, three medical professionals, three bankers. Of the ideology of this team Mowry saw that they have been hostile mainly to “the impersonal, focused, and supposedly privileged estate represented by way of the behemoth company. taking a look backward to an older the USA [they] sought to recapture and reaffirm the older individualistic values in the entire strata of political, monetary, and social lifestyles. ” Ibid. , p. 89. nine Walter Weyl: the recent Democracy (New York, 1914), pp. 242-3. 1 Ibid. , pp. 244-8. 2 Henry F. may perhaps: Protestant church buildings and commercial the United States (New York, 1949), p. ninety one. three Ibid. , pp. 202-3. four an engaging yet not at all consultant case was once the debate among W. S. Rainsford, rector of St. George’s (Episcopal) Church in manhattan urban, and one among his vestrymen, J. Pierpont Morgan. See Rainsford: tale of a assorted lifestyles (Garden urban, 1924), p. 281. five In 1860, monks comprised 39 consistent with cent of the governing forums of Earl McGrath’s pattern of personal associations; in 1930, 7 consistent with cent, McGrath: “The regulate of upper schooling in the US. ” academic checklist, Vol. XVII (April 1936), pp. 259-72. throughout the innovative period priests have been additionally starting to get replaced with laymen within the collage and college presidencies. 6 In 1918 a Literary Digest survey confirmed that merely 1,671 of the 170,000 ministers within the usa paid taxes on earning over $3,000. In 1920 a survey through the Interchurch international stream discovered that the common annual pastoral source of revenue used to be $937. Christian recommend, Vol. XCV (July 22, 1920), p. 985. Preachers have been good acutely aware they'd reached some extent at which their wages have been below these of many expert staff, particularly masons, plumbers, plasterers, and bricklayers. On preachers’ salaries, see Homiletic evaluation, Vol. LXXXVI (December 1923), p. 437; Vol. LXXXVII (January 1924), p. nine. 7 could, op. cit. , bankruptcy iv, “The Social Gospel and American Progressivism.