By John Shelby Spong
Rescuing John's Gospel from Its Creedal Captivity
John Shelby Spong, bestselling writer and well known proponent of a contemporary, scholarly, and real Christianity, argues that this final gospel to be written used to be misinterpreted by way of the framers of the fourth-century creeds to be a literal account of the lifetime of Jesus while in reality it's a literacy, interpretive retelling of the occasions in Jesus' existence during the medium of fictional characters, from Nicodemus and Lazarus to the "Beloved Disciple." the results of this fascinating examine not just recaptures the unique message of this gospel, but in addition presents us at the present time with an intensive new size to the declare that during the humanity of Jesus the truth of God has been met and engaged.
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Additional info for The Fourth Gospel: Tales of a Jewish Mystic
That expression used to be destined to turn into a mantra in Protestant and evangelical circles. This comparable topic is expressed through Roman Catholics after they confer with the Eucharist as “the sacrifice of the mass,” an expression because of this the mass is a liturgical reenactment of the instant whilst “Jesus died for my sins. ” In either one of those words the relationship is expressed that the dying of Jesus was once the motion that introduced salvation or redemption to sinful people. God within the individual of Jesus, and particularly via his dying, restored production to its meant perfection. Jesus restored human lifestyles to oneness with God. essentially below the effect of a late-fourth-century theologian and bishop named Augustine, yet carrying on with in historical past via Anselm within the 12th century, to either Luther and Calvin within the 16th century, atonement theology has ruled Christian idea. no longer having at the moment the rudimentary serious research of the scriptures that's on hand to us this present day, those ancient figures seen the Bible from a truly literal standpoint. They believed that it was once a unmarried quantity, written below divine suggestion and for that reason incapable of being faulty, in order that they merged the 2 production tales with which the booklet of Genesis opens right into a non-stop account. This merger then shaped the knowledge of human lifestyles opposed to which they advised the tale of Jesus. they didn't understand that those tales (Gen. 1:1–2:4a and 2:4b–3:24) have been written through diverse authors separated in time through as many as 400 years. the hole narrative (basically the tale of the seven-day construction) is comparatively overdue, most likely a made of the past due 6th century BCE, and a bit of extra glossy in its figuring out. the second one of those tales (basically the tale of Adam, Eve, the backyard of Eden and the serpent) used to be a manufactured from the 10th century BCE and was once a much more primitive story. the 2 narratives are factually rather contradictory in lots of info, notwithstanding truly neither of them was once written to be learn actually. within the tale positioned first within the Bible God created at the 6th day the “living creatures” to populate the earth. those creatures are defined as “cattle and creeping issues and beasts of the earth” (Gen. 1:24). within the later a part of that very same 6th day, God created human lifestyles, either female and male without delay and either in God’s photo. In its quite stiff and clearly patriarchal language, the textual content reads: “So God created guy in his personal photo; female and male created he them. And God blessed them and God acknowledged to them: ‘Be fruitful and multiply and subdue the earth’” (Gen. 1:27–28). This tale ends with God saying every little thing that God had made to be “good;” and as the divine paintings used to be now assumed to be either entire and excellent, God rested from the divine labors and demonstrated the Sabbath, the 7th day, as an afternoon of leisure for all of production (Gen. 1:31, 2:1–3). From this narrative Augustine and his successors bought the belief of the unique perfection of God’s construction, together with the perfection of people.