By Muhammad Mustafa Al-Azami

The Qur'an reigns excellent in Muslim hearts because the such a lot sacred of texts: a large quantity of exalted principles to evoke the brain, noble histories to stir the soul, common truths to rouse the sense of right and wrong and specific injunctions directing humanity to its personal deliverance, all distilled into the melodious essence that's the note of Allah. via fourteen centuries Muslims have endured in championing the textual content opposed to corruption, memorising its each be aware and considering its each word, in order that in our personal occasions untold hundreds of thousands have enthusiastially devoted every one letter to center.

Beginning with a listing of old and modern assaults at the Qur'an, this expansive publication offers detailed insights into the holy text's immaculate renovation all through its historical past, in addition to exploring a number of the accusations levelled opposed to it. The reception of divine revelations, Prophet Muhammad's position in educating and disseminating those verses, the text's compilation less than his tips and the environment of its ultimate exterior form presently after his dying, are meticulously and scientifically examinded along such issues because the origins of Arabic, its palaeography and orthography, the so-called Mushaf of Ibn Mas'ud, and the stern method hired in assembling textual fragments.

By method of comparability the writer investigates the histories of the previous and New Testaments, depending completely on Judaeo-Christian resources together with the lifeless Sea Scrolls and uncovers a startling variety of changes that contact nearly each truth of the Biblical Scriptures. utilizing this as a springboard for assessing Western theories concerning the Qur'an, he makes a cosmopolitan but passionate case for wondering the goals of Western scholarship in continually undermining Islam's holy e-book, and illustrates convincingly that such study, inspired by way of greater than mere curiousity, has no clinical referring to the Qur'an's integrity.

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Dispatching reciters with the Mushafs intended proscribing the probabilities that have been suitable with the consonantal script to just those who loved authenticated and a number of backing.... Sending a pupil with each Mushaf was once, consequently, elucidating that right recitation used to be depending on the training via direct touch with academics whose transmission channels reached to the Prophet, now not easily a made of script or spelling conventions. t'''? Early copies of 'Uthman's M~J:. 1af have been mostly consonantal, often losing vowels and containing no dots," very like the picture in determine 7. 1 that's taken from a Mushaf within the I:Iejazi script. 39 those copies should be learn erroneously in lots of other ways. t" In project this moment compilation, 'Uthman's major objective was once to dispose of all social gathering for disputes in recitation; sending a Mushaf on its own, or with a reciter at liberty to plan any studying, used to be opposite to the cohesion 'Uthman sought to set up in the population. The lifestyles of overall team spirit within the Qur'anic texts through the global for fourteen centuries, among all international locations and all divergent Muslim sects, is evidence adequate of 'Uthman's extraordinary good fortune in collecting all Muslims upon a unmarried textual content. 36 'Abdul-Fattah al-QadI, "al-Qjra'at fi Nazar al-Mustashriqin wa al-Mulhidin", Mojallatal-Azhar, vol. 43/2, 1391 (1971), p. one hundred seventy five. 37 The English rendering isn't verbatim yet is just intended to express the narration's gist. 38 For a aspect dialogue on dots, see pp. 135-41. 39 many of the first legitimate 'Uthmani Mushafs have been so much likelywritten within the J:IejazI script. There are a handful of Mushafs attributed to 'Uthman world wide [see pp. 315-8]. whereas it really is very unlikely to substantiate or deny such claims, provided that the copies themselves are mute in this aspect, such attributions may possibly indicate that they have been truly copied from one of many Mushafs dispatched through 'Uthman, forty one of many allegations is that the 'Uthmani Mushaf being void of dots prompted divergences within the readings of the Qur'an. See bankruptcy II for an intensive research of this topic. ninety six THE historical past OF THE QUR' ANIC textual content determine 7. 1: instance if a really early MUI~qf written within the ljq/izz script. observe the shortcoming if skeletal dots. Courtesy if the nationwide Archive Museum if Yemen. v. 'Uthman's directions with the Mushafs He despatched I. 'Uthman decreed that each one own Mushafs differing from his personal might be burned, as failure to do away with those might engender extra strife. Anas bin Malik studies, J5" Jl J. -},» ... .. :. lJt.. J. ~i . ).. ;;>-1 :(,$Y")I JL; forty-one« ~ J. -) (,$. DI ~\ JJt>.. ; ~ J5" \~ f

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