By Robert Bartlett

From our twentieth-century point of view, we have a tendency to reflect on the Europe of the earlier as a colonizer, a sequence of empires that conquered lands past their borders and compelled eu cultural values on different peoples. This provocative publication exhibits that Europe within the center a long time used to be as a lot a fabricated from a strategy of conquest and colonization because it was once later a colonizer.

Show description

Read or Download The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change, 950-1350 PDF

Similar Christianity books

Who Killed Jesus?: Exposing the Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Gospel Story of the Death of Jesus

The dying of Jesus is likely one of the so much hotly debated questions in Christianity at the present time. In his giant and hugely publicized The dying of the Messiah, Raymond Brown -- whereas sincerely rejecting anti-Semitism -- by no means questions the basic historicity of the fervour tales. but it truly is those tales, during which the Jews come to a decision Jesus' execution, that experience fueled centuries of Christian anti-Semitism.

Hostage to the Devil: The Possession and Exorcism of Five Contemporary Americans

One On One With SatanA chilling and hugely convincing account of ownership and exorcism in smooth the US, hailed via NBC Radio as "one of the main stirring books at the modern scene. "

The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction

The Reformation used to be a seismic occasion in eu background, one that left an indelible mark at the glossy international. during this Very brief advent, Peter Marshall illuminates the reasons and results of this pivotal stream in western Christianity. The Reformation started as a controversy approximately what Christians had to do to be kept, yet quickly engulfed society in a sequence of primary adjustments.

Tea with Hezbollah: Sitting at the Enemies Table Our Journey Through the Middle East

Is it fairly attainable to like one’s enemies? That’s the query that sparked a desirable and, now and then, terrifying trip into the guts of the center East through the summer season of 2008. It was once a visit that all started in Egypt, handed underneath the metal and glass excessive rises of Saudi Arabia, then wound during the bullet- pocked alleyways of Beirut and dusty streets of Damascus, sooner than finishing on the cradle of the world’s 3 significant religions: Jerusalem.

Extra resources for The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change, 950-1350

Show sample text content

The marketplace at Lübeck additionally constructed day-to-day and the ships of its retailers increased. ’ in spite of the fact that, regardless of this speedy advertisement improvement, there persisted to be threats to Lübeck’s protection – Slav raids, like those who came about throughout the Wendish campaign of 1147, devastating fireplace and, much more damaging than fireplace, the jealous hostility of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony, who wanted the promising new urban for himself and, while he couldn't have it, put it less than an embargo and based a rival industry upstream. finally count number Adolf was once pressured to offer method, and Henry the Lion took ownership of the town: At his bidding the retailers right now again with pleasure and… began to rebuild the church buildings and the partitions of town. The duke despatched messengers to the towns and kingdoms of the north – Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Russia – supplying them peace in order that they must have loose entry to his urban of Lübeck. He additionally ordained there a mint and tolls and so much honourable civic rights (iura civitatis honestissima). From that point on, the company of town prospered and the variety of its population extended. This was once in 1159. the next yr town turned the location of a bishopric, whilst the see was once moved there from the outdated Slavic centre of Oldenburg. The episcopal church was once devoted in 1163 and a twin-towered Romanesque cathedral began in 1173. even as the ‘most honourable civic rights’, most likely in response to these of Soest in Westphalia, have been being elaborated into what was once to turn into the dominant legislation code of the Baltic. advertisement job radiated outwards from this new city. Germans have been in Gotland, the nice Baltic entrepôt, in 1161, and 4 years later there's point out of Westphalian retailers buying and selling in Denmark and Russia. They started to stopover at the japanese Baltic littoral usually, dealing in salt and textile on the mouth of the Dvina, and making their technique to Novgorod. by way of 1300 the Russia exchange was once regimen (see Map 10). The German retailers who got here to dominate the Baltic within the 12th and 13th centuries sailed a boat often called the cog. This used to be perfect to hold bulk items, even though now not as based or elastic because the Viking-style longship. The cog used to be a wide vessel – certainly, it's been instructed that the massive cog of the excessive heart a long time used to be constructed by way of construction one send on Map 10. German alternate with the Baltic and Russia within the 13th century most sensible of one other. An instance from the fourteenth century was once chanced on waterlogged within the Weser, now not faraway from Bremen, within the Sixties, and it's been recovered and reconstructed (see Plate 8). It used to be seventy six toes lengthy and 25 ft huge at its broadest and rose nearly 14 ft above the keel. It used to be developed of oak planks 2 toes extensive and a pair of inches thick, had a flat backside and instantly stem- and stern-post and carried a sq. sail. The planks have been nailed including 3,000 nails and caulked with moss, which used to be held in position by way of 8,000 iron clamps. any such send may well hold a shipment of eighty lots. In 1368 nearly seven-hundred ships a 12 months sailed into and out of the harbour of Lübeck, frequently making a number of journeys.

Rated 4.00 of 5 – based on 42 votes